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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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ANTIQUITIES FOUND AT  THE BALBHABBA  KUND.                       121
where possibly they may now have been placed. They are each four feet four
inches In height and eleven inches broad ; the front is carved with a-standing
female figure, whose feet rest upon a crouching monster. In an upper com*
partment? divided off by a band of Baddhist railing, are two demi-fignres, male
and female, in amorous attitudes,, of very superior execution. On one pillar
the principal figure is represented as gathering up her drapery. In another as
painting her face witfc the aid of a mirror", and in the third as supporting with
one hand a wine-jar and in the otherj which hangs down by her side, holding
a bunch of grapes. Each of these figures is entirely devoid of clothing : the
drapery mentioned as belonging to one of them is *simply being gathered up
from behind. They have, however., a profusion of ornaments—karas on the
ankleSj a belt round the waist, a moJian maid on the neck, karn-phdls In the
ears5 and bdju-band, churi, and paJiuncJii on the arms and wrists. There are also
three bas-reliefs at the back of each pillar ; the subject of one Is most grossly
Indecent; another represents Buddha's mother, llaya Devi, with the sal tree
under which she gave birth to her son. A fragment of a pillar from one of
the smaller concentric circles of this same set was at some time sent to Lahor,
and Is now to be seen In the museum there.
General Cunningham, in his Archseclagical Report, has Identified the
Upagtipta monastery with the Yasa Tihara inside the katra ; but In all
probability he would not now adhere to this theory. At the time when
lie advanced it, he had never visited the Kankall Tila, and was also under
the Impression that the Fort had always been? as it now is, the centre
of the city. Even then,, to maintain Iris theory, he was obliged to have
recourse to a very violent expedient and In the text of the Chinese pilgrim
alter the word c east' to (west,' because, he writes, " a mile to the east would
take us to the low ground on the opposite bank of the Jainnna? where no ruins
exist ;** forgetting apparently Fa Hian's distinct statement that in Ms time
there were monasteries on both sides of the river, and being also unaware
that there are heights on the left bank3 at Isapiir* and Mahaban, where Bud-
dhist remains have been found. The topographical descriptions of the two
pilgrims may be reconciled with existing facts without any tampering with
the text of their narrative* Taking the katra, or the adjoining shrine of
* At Isapur, almost facing the Visrant Ghat is the Duv&sa tila, a high mound of artificial
formation* with some modern building's oa its summit, enclosed within a bastioiaect wall, part of
which lias been lately restored. A. small nude statue of a female figure has been foiiad here,, aad
there are also the remains of a ltduh constructed of large blocks of red sandstone fitted together
without cement and therefore probably of early date.
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